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Portugal Travel Guide

Best Places to Visit in Lisbon (Lisboa)

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   A generalized map of Lisbon and Vicinity

Lisbon and Vicinity







Lisbon  Click for a climate chart of the annual ranges of precipitation and temperature in Lisbon


A locator map showing the position of Lisbon in Portugal


Lisbon, Europe͊ westernmost capital city (yes, it's west of Dublin), is located in scenic southwestern Portugal.  The historic core of the city occupies seven hills located on the north bank of the Rio Tejo, near where the river meets the Atlantic Ocean after cutting through over seven-hundred miles of the Iberian Peninsula.

Greater Lisbon, the fastest growing urban area in Portugal, has a  population approaching three million residents. The core of the city is the home to approximately half a million Portuguese, although the population of the central city has dropped over the last decade.  Residents of Lisbon are extremely proud of the economic and social advances that the country has made since democratic reforms were put in place after the peaceful revolution of 1974.

Legend has it that Ulysses founded the city as part of his Odyssey, but archaeological records indicate that the city may have been the site of an Phoenician settlement dating from 1,000 B.C. The Romans, Goths and Muslims governed the city through much of its history. The Reconquista of Lisbon in the 12th century marked the end of the Muslim period and the beginnings of the Portuguese city. (The Reconquista is the name given to the re-conquest of the Iberian Peninsula by the Christians who vanquished the Moors (Muslims, usually of African descent) and was the culmination of several centuries of battles.)

The city is an amalgam of architectural styles, mixing the old and new in a slightly chaotic manner. A deadly earthquake destroyed the city in 1755, killing over 50,000 and leveling most of the cityਯmes and historically significant buildings. Rebuilt on the same site, Lisbon lacks the grand architecture that one expects from such a historically important city, especially one with the wealth reportedly garnered when the country was a world power during  the 祠of Discoveries" from the 15th through the 17th centuries.

Getting Around Lisbon

Those visitors who like to explore new areas by foot will find Lisbon a challenge. The hills are steep and numerous, while terraces and flat paths are only infrequently discovered. On the other hand, the city is compact and has a lot of treasures that you will not see unless you explore on foot.

Those who like driving should abandon all hope of using a car in Lisbon. Between the hills and the traffic, you will soon lose your zest for driving. If still not deterred, then perhaps the lack of parking near most of the important attractions will change your mind about using a car in Lisbon.  We think hiring a guide who has a car is a better idea.

The most economical way to tour Lisbon is to use the Metropolitano, the city's predominately underground, rail-based system. The Metro stations are highly decorated and something of a treat to see. For shorter hops, consider taking the trams (streetcars) that crisscross the city.

In order to navigate the hilly areas, take advantage of the funiculars or  public elevators.

Taxis are an economical way to travel if you have three or four companions.

Finally, the suburban railways connecting Lisbon to Bel魬 Estoril and Cascais are an inexpensive way to see the sights during travel along the coast.

You might want to consider buying a Lisboa Card if you will be staying in town a few days.  The card can be purchased for one, two and three day intervals and provides free access to public transportation and free entrance to most museums and discounts on other attractions of interest to tourists.  See this site for more information about the Lisboa Card.

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Our Lisbon Mini-guide covers:

Barrio Alto/Chiado

Best Places to Visit in Portugal










The trams (streetcars) are a great way to get around Lisbon and really save wear and tear on the feet.






Lisbon City Sightseeing Tour

From Viator Tours








Lisbon City Sightseeing Tour and Sintra Day Trip

From Viator Tours








Private Lisbon History and Tapas Walking Tour

From Viator Tours








Lisbon Hop-on Hop-off Tour

From Viator Tours




Fatima and the Sanctuary Basilica Half Day Tour from Lisbon

From Viator Tours


Best Places to Visit              Baixa Top of Page

The river called the Rio Tejo in Portugal enters the country from Spain where it is called the Rio Tajo. Many mapmakers avoid the controversy and call it the Tagus River

Lisbon is a city of unique neighborhoods and each offers exposure to a different aspect of this capital city. Notable attractions are limited in Lisbon, but there is much to discover.  If your time is limited, see Bel魼/a> and the monuments related to the 祠of Discoveries༯p>

If you have more time, consider visiting the areas and attractions we describe below and on the following pages. If you do, you will cover the 峴 places to visit in Lisbon࡬though there are a number of interesting museums and attractions that we have neglected.

If you are interested in another area of Lisbon, use the jump tables on the right-edge of the page to select another attraction.


Baixa, located in the center of Lisbon, is known for shopping, banking and its many open-air restaurants. Baixa is a relatively flat area between the hilly Barrio Alto on one side and the equally hilly Castelo /Alfama neighborhoods on the other side.  It is distinguished from these areas by its unique, regular, gridded street pattern.   To the south, it meets the River Tejo.

 A panoramaic view of the Pra硠do Com鲣io Street scene showing whimsical sculptures in the Pra硠do Com鲣io  Baixa is bounded on the north and south by two large plazas.

Located on the River Tejo, Pra硠do Com鲣io is a large public square that was once the site of a royal palace destroyed in the 1755 earthquake. (The Portuguese word pra硠 translates to ᵡre, public square, or plaza馮bsp; Today the Com鲣io is a large plaza, populated by pigeons and dominated by a statue of Jose 1st, who was king during the rebuilding of Lisbon after the earthquake.

Ornate, arcaded buildings, which house the offices of a portion of Lisbonࣩty government, surround the square. In addition, the Pra硠is a public transportation hub for Lisbon and many trams and busses stop here.

The shopping area of Baixa starts beyond the tall arch (the Arco da Vict⩡) at the north end of the square. In the past, the arch was the gateway of the city, as it was the city entrance used by travelers who arrived in Lisbon by boat. To the west of the square (along the shore) you will find a train station (Esta磯 Cais do Sodr马 which connects to Bel魬 Estorial and Cascais.

Photographs of a street scene in Baixa showing street center restaurants and shopping.Follow Rua Augusta (the street under the arch) into Baixa for shopping, good eating and strolling. Take a seat at one of the many street-center caf鳠(the fish specials are highly recommended) and people watch. Although the area is popular with tourists due to its shopping, it is, also, where many Lisbonites shop and eat lunch..


An example of Cal硤a, a unique, decorative paving commonly found in Lisbon  A second example of Cal硤a showing one of the many designs found around Lisbon The surfaces of a number of the walkways in this area are decorated  by Cal硤a,  a form of paving which features unusual designs depicting geometric patterns of flowers and other shapes. Some of the Cal硤a walkways are stunning, while others are unusual, though all are a pleasant change from asphalt or cement.

At the end of Rua Augusta you will find the  plaza popularly known as the Pra硠Rossio  ,  which leads to the Pra硠dos Restauradores. The Rossio is one of the most popular meeting areas of Lisbon. It was refurbished several years ago, adding to its attractiveness.

The area also houses an opera house (Teatro de Dona Maria II) built in the mid-19th century and the Rossio Train Station where you can catch trains to Sintra or other areas of Portugal (Esta磯 do Rossio).

The Pra硠dos Restauradores  ( ) leads to the Avenida da Liberdade, Lisbon͊ famous grand-avenue that ends at a statue of Pombal, the architect of Lisbonಥbuilding after the earthquake of 1755.

The Avenida da Liberdade, in turn, leads to the Parque Eduardo VII, a well-manicured pleasant park with large grassy areas. Many of the Lisbon's newer hotels are located to the north of the park.

A little further north, you will find one of Lisbon's most treasured art museums -the Museu Calouste Gulbenkian. Calouste Gulbenkian, a noted Armenian businessman, made a fortune in oil trading. He arrived in Lisbon during World War II, taking advantage of Portugal஥utral stance in the conflict.

Gulbenkian fell in love with the city and Portugal. Upon his death, the city was endowed with his magnificent art collection and a financial bequeath to create a museum to display these treasures.

The museumॸtraordinary collections are grouped in two. One section is devoted to Oriental, Classical Egyptian, Greco-Roman, Mesopotamian, Eastern Islamic, Armenian and Far Eastern art. A second section covers European art from the 11th to the 20th century.

The Calouste is located at Av. de Berna 45A 1067-001 north of Parque Eduardo VII. Take the Metro and exit at the S. Sebasti㯠or Pra硠de Espanha stations or take buses 16, 26, 31, 46, 56)

If you need information about another travel destination, try our Destination Guide Index or Googling ThereArePlaces.

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Most museums are closed on Mondays and some on Sunday and Monday.  General hours are 10:00 to 17:00 but check locally, as many of the less popular museums are open on limited schedules.



The Pra硠do Com鲣io looking towards the east.



The Arco da Vict⩡  at the north end of the Pra硠do Com鲣io leads into Baixa






Our Lisbon Mini-guide covers:

Barrio Alto/Chiado

Best Places to Visit in Portugal









Best Places to Visit in Portugal



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